History of Chestnut
The Chestnut -Family of chestnuts originates from the beech (Fagaceae) of the genus Castanea and the edible seed of this tree. Its leaves are long in the form of a spear with sharp edges, the stems are covered with spikes, starchy fruits are the source of food for wild animals and people, wood is very durable, it is defined as a high forest tree that grows in the north of the country.
Chestnut is an important species that they have used for many years in Turkey and the Caucasus. Today, the use of this species, fruits, trees, leaves and flowers is usually commercial and domestic throughout the country.
Chestnut in Turkey, in Marmara and Northern Anatolia, with special types (oak, beech, birch, etc.) sets mixed species while spreading naturally in the Aegean and Mediterranean region. The geographical spread of this species of trees originates from Southern Europe, Turkey and Caucasus It is visible that this species has a tree of submediterranean climate zones.
The natural spread of chestnut in the world begins in East Asia (China, Korea, Japan), Turkey, Southern Europe and North America. Instead, it naturally grows in the form of chestnut forests in the northern hemisphere. The countries in which they grow are China, Korea, Japan and Mediterranean countries. In our country, located in the Mediterranean region, with conditions such as the Black Sea, Marble and Aegean region of Anatolia, naturally grows in the forest areas of Castanea Sativa Mill (European chestnut).