İrrigation,Fertilization and Pruning
Although chestnut is cultivated in its natural environment without irrigation, it is a plant that is susceptible to summer drought as already mentioned, and irrigation increases yield and quality. In our country in places where the summer drought is strongly felt, it should be irrigated in July, in August, and in September. If irrigation is not possible, measures should be taken to maintain soil moisture. In this case, in order to facilitate the penetration of precipitation into the underground and prevent evaporation, it is necessary to form steep slopes on the land. In gently sloping gardens, malchering is necessary in order to protect soil and temperature humidity. This method is usually made in the form of wrinkles, plant stems, straw, pine and thorn trees near the trees to lie 3-4 cm to the bottom of the trees . In this way, the development of weeds in the soil is prevented. Chestnut is one of the most sensitive fruit species. In the first years of planting, the seedlings must be irrigated 2-3 times to the humidity of the soil. In the following years it's useful to water it. However, if this is not possible, measures should be taken to maintain water in the soil. For this purpose, this should be done in places where there is more inclination. Straw, etc. Malching should be done under the trees.
Chestnut fertilization is undoubtedly one of the most important activities as in many other plants. However, it can not be said that our country is doing it enough consciously. Chestnuts are generally used by agricultural fertilizer and fertilizer experts such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. It recommends the manure from the manure is placed at the depth of the plow 20-30 cm. Nitrogen fertilizer usually varies depending on the age of the trees, and according to soil analysis, the type and quantity of fertilizers should be calculated. There is no amount of fertilization.
One of the annual works on chestnut maintenance is pruning. If the maintenance and pruning of the seedlings from the first years are done well, the root balance and the crown of the tree are provided when it comes to the age of yield, so the product should be taken at full age. The most suitable way of pruning chestnuts he modified leader (branch) is the final system. When the top of the branch reaches a certain height, the growth can be reduced by pruning for control.
Pruning of branches
a) Main branches are selected from strong branches to cover four directions of wood.
b) Main branches should not come from one another or from the same point.
c) Since the angles of the branches can break, an angle of 50-70 degrees must be provided.
d) Excessive abbreviations are not made on annual yields, as it will cause the formation of continuous shoots that will delay the planning of fruit. A tip can be taken to prevent growth where it is needed.
e) Excessive pruning of young trees can cause lagging in growth, which can lead to low yields. The branches close to the soil are slowly removed (after being subjected).
Trees should be pruned as diluted branches when needed. No annual abbreviations for exiles. As buds appear at the end of annual shoots.
On old trees whose fetal yield has fallen, the main branches should be pruned so that new branches appear. So rejuvenating it is possible to achieve an effective yield of the tree.