Harvest and Storage of Chestnut

Chestnut harvest in our country generally takes place in two months between mid-September and mid-November. Harvesting time depends on variety and region. The harvest time is determined by the fact that the buds are slightly opened and the fruits of natural color begin to appear. However, not all fruits are mature at the same time and mature slowly over a certain period of time, because of that the harvest period can last for a long time. Chestnut harvest is done manually or mechanically. It is widely used in our country. In this case, chestnut branches strike with a stick so that the fruit falls to the ground. However, in this method, care should be taken to ensure that the branches do not break during the impact. Another limited aspect of this method is the decline of the immature fruits of the impact. The soil which structure is suitable machine can be used. The chestnut harvest is a costly and difficult work. For this reason, it would be more appropriate to choose types that are easy to do.

At the time of harvest, the barbed fruit starts to yellow and falls from the tree to the ground. During autumn, chestnut fruits are separated from their balls. If it does not fall naturally, chestnuts are tackled by different methods.

Immature chestnut

Chestnut in the Shell ready for harvest


                        Mature Chestnuts                                          New chestnut become from harvest

Classification
Collected chestnuts are classified by size and variety. During the classification process worms should also be destroyed.

Packing
Individually knitted or woven bags are filled. It can also be filled into nylon or tin cups with holes on it.
Storaging
Chestnut contains a large amount of water. During storage, water should be stored. If the loss of water is increased, the chestnut  can be hardened.
Chestnut is stored in packs with holes on it at low temperatures (0 ° C) at 70-75% humidity.
In the Aegean region, chestnuts that fall to the ground with barbed shells under the trees on the piles and cover themselves with herbs. This process, called the burial, can keep the fruits until mid-winter. In the Black Sea region, chestnuts are stored in bags and buried under the ground.