Almond Production and Trading

Situation in the world
Growing of almonds has an important place in world fruit production in the shell. While the total area of almonds in the world was 1.7 million hectares in 2000, it increased by 7% in 2009 to 1.8 million hectares. Spain is in the first place with a share of 34% in the world production of almonds. It follows, the US, Tunisia and Iran.

 
USA occupies the first place in the world production of almonds, with a share of 58%. In the US, in California where climatic conditions similar to the Mediterranean climate are cultivated with almonds. Bademes were not produced in California until the 1900s when Spanish researchers. In the 1960s, breeders discovered that almonds are better grown in fertile, deep and well-drained soils in irrigation and fertilization. After the 1960s, almonds were planted instead of other products that were processed, and the almond land was roughly tripled. As a result, there was a large increase in production. Year 1977. The Californian production of almonds went to Spain. However, the decline in almond production in Italy and the opening of the European and Japanese markets have encouraged the California market. In 2000, apart from being the sole producer of almonds in a commercial sense, America became the world's leading supplier of almonds and the largest exporter.
 
The Situation in Turkey
Badem is adapted to the climatic conditions of Turkey and is one of the most important fruits with a hard shell. Besides its wide use, unlike other bone fruits, it has a higher adaptability ability and gives fruit early, and therefore demand for production increases day by day .
In our country, almonds are not perceived as the kind of cultural transactions to be performed.Compared to other types of fruit, almond trees are deprived of almost all technical processes (cutting, irrigation, fertilization, control of diseases and pests, etc.). For this reason, there is even the belief that almonds grow well on dry and dried soils. However, almonds, which are generally regarded as borderline edges for the edges of the garden, are limited in terms of cutting, fertilizing and irrigation that affect yield and quality.The last few years, the use of seed in the cultivation of almonds has spread to the use of seedlings and has become widespread.
By the end of 2012, the cultivation of almonds takes place in 131 thousand decars of land in our country.Aegean, Mediterranean,Southeastern Anadolia and Western Marmara regions are the regions with the largest almond fields.Only in the Aegean region is 48% of the total fields of almonds. In the distribution of almonds by province, Muğla covers 23% of the total fields with 30,000 hectares. Muğlu is followed by Manisa, Balikesir, Antalya and Mersin. The fields of these provinces represent 47% of the total almond fields with 60,000 hectares.
In the production of almonds, the first Aegean, Mediterranean, West Marmara and Southeast Anatolia regions are on the list. In fact, while the Aegean and Mediterranean regions cover 61% of the total almond production, four regions account for 78% of the total production of almonds. However, it is important to note that although the Aegean region has almost half of the total almonds, 38% of the total production is produced in this region. The reason for this is that the average yield per tree in this region is 16 kg, which is low compared to some other regions.
Similarly, the total amount of almonds in the Mediterranean region is equal to almost half of the almonds in the Aegean region, with production of 29% approaching production in the Aegean region.The average yield per tree in the Mediterranean region is 20kg, which is above the average in Turkey with 16 kg.
Muğla has 13% of the total production of almonds with 7,000 tons of production in the province's distribution of  production. Mersin, Antalya, Denizli, Isparta and Canakkale are the production sites. The production of almonds of these provinces is half of the total production of almonds with 27,000 tons. What is worth mentioning here is that Muğla has a 13% share in production with 30,000 hectares, while Mersin receives 10% of the total production of almonds with 7,000 hectares. The reason for this is that the average yield of almonds per tree is 20 kg in the Mediterranean region up to 24 kg in Mersin. Antalya,is  located in the same region,has 9 thousand hectares of land with an average of 22 kg per tree and meets 9% of the total production with 5 thousand tons of almond production.
In recent years, the Ministry of Forestry and Water Management attaches great importance to the almonds plantations, and will achieve afforestation. So, in the last two years, with the support of our Ministry, 9 thousand hectares of forest in Ankara and 4 thousand in Sanliurfi have been planted.
 
Special afforestation of almonds in Turkey
Quantity     and  Distribution of Almond Afforestation
In our country, with the support of the Ministry so far, a special study of the almond plantation has been completed in approximately 176,602 hectares of land and about 8,000,000 seedlings of almon  ds have been planted. There are 27,296 hectares of forest land, 32,780 hectares of vast area, and 16,526 hectares of land owned.
Supports afforestation of private almonds to the present day
Our Ministry of Forestry and Water Management aims to increase the production of almonds in our country and to enable diversification of economic activities in rural areas. To increase the level of income of our citizens living in rural areas, create new employment opportunities and increase the consumption of almonds in regular and nutrition. In recent years, in afforestation studies, almonds have been given special significance.
The Ministry has provided rural legal entities and credit support to other legal entities for specific almond plantations that were in our country so far. In addition, forest areas were granted free of charge for specific almond plantations, and Treasury land was leased from the Ministry of Finance at a low price.