Almond Harvest

Harvest
In almonds, as with walnuts, it is useful to irrigate 15 days before harvest. A good feature is that ripe fruits with normal shaking can fall to the ground, and it is bad that even the smallest wind can overturn them. Therefore, decay may be one of the best properties of almonds. However, the use of a hand-held shaker is detrimental to the branches because it can lead to a wound on them, and this opens the way for diseases. However, in the case of fruits that do not fall off, a hand shaker can be used. When used manually operated machines with a telescopic extension of the ladder are not needed. One of these the battery-powered machine has a carbon-fiber comb on its end, rotating around the bud and harvesting the fruit from the tree without damage. Second: An extension rod on the end of which has extended bars with a rubber grip, thanks to the engine on the back, it is easy to lower the fruits from the tree by mechanical shaking of the extension rod. Of course, before the tree is shaken, the nylon is spread beneath it. In order to prevent the lifting to the ends, stones can be placed. The reef should be carried out in the morning and in the evening. In the heat of the heat it should not be carries out harvest.

Harvest time
The harvest time varies depending on the climate and the species. The harvest usually begins in July and ends in September. In the fruit that ripen on the tree, the green bark shoots and partially dries and changes color. In this case, the green shell is easily removed from the fruit (cavitation). Then the fruit is ready for harvest. Early or late harvesting can reduce fruit quality.

Peeling
At the end of the collection, the almonds are transferred to the place where they will peel. If the shell can not be peeled immediately, it should not be kept on the floor or in bags. In the bulk, it should also not be retained. Otherwise, fruits and fattening may occur. As manual peeling is expensive, the hazel peeling machines can be adapted.

Drying
Peeled almonds are laid on a thickness of 3-5 cm and mixed several times a day. At high temperatures, almonds will be dried and stored for one week. It is not recommended to dry almonds directly under the sunlight. The biggest disadvantage is that the oil in it begins to break down which causes the almonds to become bitter. Badges that are not harvested in time and are not removed from their green shell must immediately be placed on the prominent and places where there is a shade or there will be a wake. a large storage room for drying grafted seedlings. It can be used for drying and storage. When drying, almonds are placed on a 3-5 cm thick wire mesh. It is mixed several times a day. For a faster and more healthy drying of almonds an aspirator is used, which is 20-30 m / min. One of the aspirators pulls the air inward, while the other releases the internal air. However, it should be kept in mind that the natural air that flows to it should be warm. If there is no hot air during the drying process, hot air pipes that are installed below are used. If this system can not be installed, the coal stove can be placed inside. In both cases, the internal temperature should not exceed 38 degrees. These processes continue until the humidity in almonds is reduced by 8%. Best drying is done with a lot of movement of air without the use of heat.

Removing the fruit
Among the dried almonds it is important to remove the fruit from those with a thin shell and those that can be brittle to the teeth. These almonds can not be stored long as almond-hard almonds. Since manual removal of almond is expensive, extraction of the machine would be more economical. extraction and peeling of almonds can be found in Balikesir, Urfi and Malatya.

Storage
Peeled and dried almonds can be stored for a long time in the warehouse. When marketing opportunities are available, they are put into place and marketed. Otherwise, more expensive conditions are needed for storing the internal almonds in the warehouse. Internal almonds will probably spoil and awaken, regardless of us.

Marketing
The inner almond is more cost-effective to market. Therefore, it is the right way for manufacturers to get their own almonds on their own. Since the inner almond is heavy and expensive to store, it's more economical to hold a hard-shell almond and remove the interior when the customer finds it.
After the almonds are sifted and classified;
Physical examination of hands and eyes.
Price increases even if it is classified by smell and taste.
Demanding the world for almonds is growing day by day. Even in the Near and Far East, the demand for almonds is rising.
The demand for almonds on the domestic market is quite high. Because this demand is not met, imports are made from the outside. Although there is a great demand for almonds of our country in the foreign market, unfortunately our producer can not even respond to the domestic market. As a result, there is no problem in the marketing of almonds.